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Journal of Online Mathematics and its Applications
Tool Building: Web-based Linear Algebra Modules
Transformer3D Tool and Sample Activity
Transformer3D was designed to complement Transformer2D by forcing students to grapple with transformations from R3 to R3, but doing so required us to adjust the way the student controls the development of the column vectors of the matrix of transformation. In order to overcome the 2D nature of Sketchpad and JavaSketchpad, we developed a means of representing 3D space on a 2D platform. Consequently, a vector's elements are controlled by moving sliders along the various axes. These sliders can in turn be used to further illustrate descriptions of vectors with respect to the natural basis.
Even though Transformer3D is not as polished as Transformer2D, it did provide opportunities for students to grapple with what it meant to construct transformations from R3 to R3. We designed Transformer3D to have a similar interface to that of Transformer2D. The controllers of the three column vectors of the matrix of transformation are maneuvered in the yellow box. The three vectors are controlled by sliders on the axes rather than by selecting the head of the vector and manipulating it in space. We implemented the sliders to allow for the three dimensions being rendered on a two-dimensional plane.
Below the yellow box is an area depicting the domain of the matrix transformation. For ease, the domain has been restricted to just the positive portion of the three axes. We provide an "animate points" button in this area, which randomly moves the vector x around in the restricted domain.
Two areas have been color coded to help students orient themselves. The larger area to the right contains a depiction of the range of the matrix transformation. The three vectors, a1, a2, and a3, are shown, along with the transformation of x with respect to the transformation T. In addition, students can choose to show or hide a wire frame, as well as observe the transformation of the two colored areas from the domain.
Open Transformer3D in new window
Note: The "?" at the bottom right-hand corner of the workspace is a link to Key Curriculum Press and its About JavaSketchpad web page.
Sample Exploratory activity:
Using Transformer3D, attempt to accomplish the following:
Note: Transformer3D is quite sensitive, and it is difficult to obtain exact values and construct matrices containing coordinate values of 0 for multiple entries in the same column vector. This is one of the major flaws of attempting to render 3D pictures in a 2D environment.
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